The Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST) is a Chartered Institute established through a Legislative Act of Sindh Assembly (Sindh Act No. XI of 1995) and is approved and recognized by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) as a degree- granting institution. SZABIST has campuses in Karachi, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Larkana & Dubai (UAE). SZABIST is a registered member of the International Association of Universities (IAU), Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU), Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World (FUIW), Asia University Federation (AUF), and the Asia-Pacific Quality Network (APQN).

Asia Inc, a leading Asian magazine, ranked SZABIST among top MBA schools of South Asia in its Asia's Best MBA Schools Survey (Asia Inc) for two consecutive years (2003 and 2004). SZABIST is one of the top 15 business schools from South Asia ranked in Asia Inc.

Businessweek, a leading international business magazine, in listed SZABIST among the best business schools of the world for six consecutive years (2001-2006). SZABIST is listed along with top schools of the world, including Wharton, Kellogg, Harvard and MIT. SZABIST is recognized as one of the top 20 business schools from Asia by the Businessweek.

SZABIST is also ranked among the best Science and Technology and MBA schools in Asia by the CNN-Time publication Asiaweek. In fact, SZABIST has the unparalleled honor of being the only Pakistani institute to be listed in both categories in such prestigious publications (Businessweek, Asiaweek and Asia Inc).

SZABIST Karachi Campus is located in one of the most prestigious localities of Karachi at 90 and 100 Clifton.

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Journal of Independent Studies and Research- Computing (JISR–C) [] is a biannual research journal published by the Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST). It is dedicated to the dissemination of research among institutions, universities, researchers, and students with the promotion of quality research in Pakistan as its main objective. It is published in print as well as in electronically
online format. Originally, the Journal was published as a single publication entitled the Journal of Independent Studies and Research (JISR), but given the wide range of the disciplines SZABIST covers, and the overwhelming number of papers that were received, it was later thematically divided into two journals, JISR–C which covers Computing, and JISR-MSSE covering Management, Social Sciences and Economics. JISR is also Pakistan’s first online refereed journal which is available online at 

SZABIST is a renowned degree awarding Institute of Science and Technology dedicated to providing quality education and promoting research activities in Pakistan. It is a fully chartered Institute established through a legislative act of the Sindh Assembly (1995) and is approved and recognized by the Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan. SZABIST has campuses in Karachi, Islamabad, Larkana and Dubai. SZABIST is also a registered member of the International Association of University (IAU), Paris; the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU), London; federation of the Universities of Islamic World (FUIW), Rabat; and the Association of SAARC Universities (ASU). JISR-C is another initiative taken by the Institute towards the
encouragement and promotion of quality in higher education and research.

Copyright: All the articles published in this issue are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC Attribution 4.0 License. ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

Guidelines for authors: JISR-C seeks to publish articles that identify, extend, or unify scientific knowledge pertaining to computer sciences and other related disciplines. Of particular interest are articles that have strong potential significance to a broad cross-section of computer science and information technology researchers. 

The authors are requested to submit well-researched and original unpublished papers, not already in submission to another journal for publication. Papers are selected after approval through a process of double blind peer review by two independent reviewers. Manuscript size should be limited to between 5,000 and 8,000 words. Font style and size should be Arial 10. All papers must be submitted with a short abstract, of not more than 300 words. Full references, including author(s) name(s), title of work, place (city) of publication, name of publisher, page numbers and/or website link, should be given in accordance with the IEEE citation style. Full reference should be listed as a separate section at the end of the paper in bibliographic style. 

Please send your papers to:

Editor, JISR-C